How To Biblically Define Justification

How To Biblically Define Justification

Define Justification – A Big Word With Big Implications

You can’t sit in church too long or attempt to read through the epistles in the New Testament without running into the word “justification.” Paul especially liked throwing out big theological terms that might be a little foreign to us at first glance. How do we define justification and what does it mean in our relationship with God?

Justification is a pretty easy concept to understand, but its implications are so huge that most believers spend their lifetimes growing to understand it more and more. Being justified speaks of being declared or pronounced legally righteous.

In a court of law, if a judge declares someone on trial “not guilty” that means they’re justified. In the eyes of the law, nothing can be held against them or is punishable. So for the Christian, when we define justification we mean that in God’s courtroom, regardless of what we’ve felt, thought, or done, we’ve been declared officially righteous.

Why Is Justification So Important?

It’s easy to academically define justification without really delving into what it actually accomplishes for us. You see because God is holy, He can only do what is right, fair, and just. Although He loves all men, He cannot and will not compromise his standard of perfection for any man. Initially, this puts us in a clearly impossible situation.

We’re totally sinful, He is completely sinless. We’re fallen and wracked with unworthiness, He is perfect, righteous, and uncompromising. The two can’t mix.

It would seem we’re doomed to wallow and die in our shame, since the only One who can save us is so far removed.

But that’s where the love of God comes in. He cannot abide sin, yet He wants to have a relationship with sinful man. We cannot produce the righteousness He requires, yet He is everything we need. And so God designed an alternative by which He could take our guilt and replace it with pure righteousness.

Justification Comes Through Christ Alone

Salvation begins and ends with Jesus Christ. It is through Him that God planned, even before the world began, to justify and cleanse us so that we could enter into His presence. By pouring out sin’s appropriate punishment on Jesus, God could justly deal with sin without having to condemn us to separation from Him forever. 2 Corinthians 5:21 says that God made Jesus, who was sinless, to actually be sin, and then poured out all of His wrath towards all sin past, present, and future, on Him at the cross.

Not only did Jesus take our punishment, but God also accomplished our justification by assigning Jesus’s righteousness to anyone who believes in Him. He both took our wrong and gave us His right.

Facts About Justification

If you’re a believer, God has justified you. But it’s not enough to just define justification, we need to know the set in stone truths about it. Here are the immovable facts about justification:

-It’s based on the redemption that is in Christ Jesus

-It is a free gift given by God because He is gracious

-It is not by works of the law (Acts 13:39)

-It is received by faith

-It happens at a certain point in time (Romans 4:3)

-It is for the ungodly (all of us!)

-It makes us as righteous before God, positionally, as we will ever be

-It takes away all condemnation for sins

-It defeats our need to work for acceptance and love (Ephesians 1:6)

-It results in security – those justified will no longer be guilty, will be saved from future punishment, and can be certain of sanctification and future glorification (Romans 5:9, 8:30)

-It completely removes us from all legal and eternal punishment

-It does NOT remove us from God responding to our sin in this life or from Him disciplining us as His children.

Justification – The Kindness of God

When we define justification, we see a beautiful picture of God’s character. He is kind, He is merciful, He is seeking our redemption against all odds. Though it cost Him the life of His Son, His only Son, he would not leave us condemned beneath the legal demands of sin.

“Indeed this is one of the greatest mysteries in the world – namely, that a righteousness that resides with a Person in heaven should justify me, a sinner on earth.”

-John Bunyan

God’s gift of justification is amazing, and it’s just the tip of the iceberg. God doesn’t stop at the miracle of declaring us righteous. He goes on to sanctify and glorify us, as we will explore in later posts. Let the beauty and mystery of justification draw you deeper into knowing the God who gave His all to be close to you.


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What Is The Gospel?

What Is The Gospel?

“Christianese” is a real thing, am I right? As a Christian kid being raised in a Christian home going to a private Christian school with multiple church events each week, I knew the language. I heard the word “gospel” about a gazillion times growing up. But honestly, for most of my life I wouldn’t have been able to clearly define it. It was a word so common that I didn’t have to stop and think about it. “Gospel” was an overused word that I stuck into the same mental category as “grace”, “justification”, “glorification”, and other Christian lingo that I understood enough to spit back correct answers, but whose deep meanings were lost on me.

If someone had asked me “What is the gospel?” I probably wouldn’t have given a very clear and concise answer. I’d imagine lots of people who have spent time in and around Christian circles are in the same boat.

What Is The Gospel?

One thing I love about God’s truths is that though they’re deep, magnificent, crazy good, profound, and life-changing realities, they’re also able to be understood when we break them down. Think about it – even a child can understand God’s Word. His truths hold something for each one of us where we’re at, no matter our age or maturity. Whether you’re hearing the word “gospel” for the first time or reviewing it again after many years of familiarity, there is something here for you.

So what is the gospel? Simply stated, it just means “good news”, and it’s the good news about Jesus Christ – his death and resurrection.

What’s So Good About the Good News?

While the basic explanation of the gospel is pretty simple, when we dig deeper, it continually unfolds with more grace, more blessing, and more goodness. When Christ died and was raised again by the power of the Holy Spirit, he accomplished full salvation for all who believe. And the reality of this full salvation gets sweeter and sweeter the more we learn about what all it entails. When we ask “what is the gospel?”, we need to delve into what it means that Christ saved us from eternal separation from God. This is the worst possible scenario for human beings created to have fellowship with their Creator. In place of that agony, he gave us:

-Substitution: The just (Christ) took the punishment of the unjust (us)
-Reconciliation: We’re brought back into fellowship with God
-Redemption: Bought out of slavery to darkness and brought into God’s light
-Identification: Unified with Christ – dead to sin and resurrected again to righteousness!
-Sanctification: Set apart as holy, and free from sin’s power
-Peace with God: The Father holds nothing against us anymore
-Adoption: Placed into God’s family with all the rights of a legitimate child
-Glorification: God will transform our bodies and free us from this body of death that lives in a broken world.

And this is just scratching the surface of all the spiritual blessings Christ achieved for us. All of these gifts are really, really good. So good we can’t even comprehend them. So good we didn’t even know we needed them. So good we’ll spend all our lives as believers exploring their implications with our God. But the key to the beginning of grasping it all is understanding why Christ had to provide those things for us in the first place, and it’s because we are hopelessly needy.

Our Neediness is the Foundation of the Gospel

It might not be easy to look in the mirror and admit that we are poor, weak, broken, sinful, needy people, but dealing in reality is the first step to understanding the good news. What is the gospel but the answer to an insurmountable issue? If we still think we can fix, heal, or make our hearts and lives better, we’re not ready to understand it. Jesus says “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” Those who are spiritually poor, spiritually have nothing, are the perfect candidates for the good news.

It is when we become desperately aware of our need that we become hungry for what only God can provide – hope. Salvation. The gospel.

He holds out to us everything we need and which we could never get anywhere else but at the foot of the tree that Jesus died upon.

The Gospel Is God’s Provision

The gospel is bread to starving souls.
The gospel is healing to the mortally ill.
The gospel is the lifeline to the drowning.
The gospel is light in the darkness.
The gospel is the answer to every question.
The gospel is God’s heart to mankind.

As you can see, the gospel does initially have a simple explanation, but the more we discuss it, the greater this news becomes. Or rather, we just begin to understand more and more that it is greater than we first realized.

God’s provision for us in the gospel is complete, victorious, and the greatest expression of His love to us. Instead of turning his back on needy sinners, God sent His son to pay the price for their wrongs and lavished on them every blessing possible. Next time someone asks or you wonder “what is the gospel?”, start with the basics – Jesus died to save sinners.

But prepare to be amazed by the profound depths of where that simple truth will lead you.

A Basic Explanation of the Canon of Scripture


A Basic Explanation Of The Canon Of Scripture

While taking Professor Scot Keen’s Bibliology course here at Ethnos 360 Bible Institute, I began to realize that even though I had grown up in a solid church and had had Christian education, there was a lot I didn’t know about the history of the Bible and how it’s come to us today.  When Professor Keen started throwing around the phrase “canon of Scripture” I had only a very vague idea of what he meant, and it wasn’t a topic that sounded too riveting. But the rest of my Bibliology class had surprised me with its relevance and importance, and when we began discussing the canon of Scripture more in depth I found myself pleasantly surprised once again. 

Having at least a basic understanding of the canon of Scripture can bring us a lot of confidence about the Bible, as we’re about to see.

Canon Of Scripture – What Does That Even Mean?

So, first things first, what does “canon of Scripture” mean? For those of us who aren’t natural scholars, it isn’t a term you hear much in Christian circles these days.  Well, the literal meaning of the  Greek term kanon, from which we derive the English word canon, is simply “reed”.  But through culture, years, and usage, this word evolved to mean something more. Professor Keen explains,

“Over time the word came to mean a standard or rule of measurement. Early Christians gave it the meaning “rule of faith”. “

Nowadays, when someone refers to the canon of Scripture, they are most often referring to the book of the Bible included in the Old and New Testament.

The first reference to the canon of Scripture in Christian history was recorded way back in 367 A. D.,in a letter written by a bishop of Alexandria, whose name was Athanasius. He wrote,

“But for the sake of greater accuracy I must needs, as I write, add this: there are other books outside these, which are not indeed included in the canon, but have been appointed from the time of the fathers to be read to those who are recent converts to our company and wish to be instructed in the word of true religion.”

History tells us that Athanasius was quite a polarizing leader in the early Church, vehemently defending the message of Christ against heresies. And he brings up a great point in this quote. We have many influential Christian writers that inspire us in our faith today, but we know their writings aren’t God’s Word. In the same way, there were many great spiritual writings in his day that were helpful for reading and learning, but were not inspired Scriptures.

The canon of Scripture includes only the inspired and revealed word of God Himself. His word is divine truth, and is distinguished from all other writing.

How Is Canonicity Determined?

It is commonly misconceived that the canon of Scripture was determined by the Jews or early church leaders. But nothing could be farther from the truth.

God alone determined which books belonged in the Bible, and He was their origin. He sovereignly and providentially wrote the books; the Word is His, and mankind doesn’t get to decide what is His Word and what isn’t.

In, “A General Introduction to the Bible”, by Geisler and Nix, J.I. Packer is quoted as having said,

“The church no more gave us the New Testament canon than Sir Isaac Newton gave us the force of gravity. God gave us gravity, by His work of creation, and similarly He gave us the New Testament canon, by inspiring the individual books that make it up.”

The church may have discovered the canon of Scripture, but it definitely didn’t create or ordain it.

How Were Canonical Books Discovered?

The book we hold in our hands as the Bible today did not always look that way – all its books gathered together and neatly organized. The Jews first had the Law, and later came the historical books, Wisdom and Poetry, and Prophecy. But after Malachi, there were 400 years of silence, when God did not inspire any Scripture. The New Testament had not been written yet.  And when it came to be, there was lots of controversy as Jews were divided on their opinions of the Messiah, and the Church was newly birthed and wading through growing pains. How did they discover which writings were truly from God? And how can we today know that they made the right judgement calls? How can we be confident that the Bible we have is the Bible God intended for us?

Here at Ethnos 360 Bible Institute, we believe there are a number of God-given and logical principles that help us when we’re wondering if the canon of Scripture has been discovered accurately. We refer to information from “A General Introduction to the Bible” 1. We can ask these questions of the biblical texts given to us :

  1. Is it prophetic? Was the book written by a prophet of God? Were the authors Apostles or Prophets? God put His words in the mouths of the prophets and they declared what God had revealed to them. Therefore, books written by a prophet were immediately accepted.
  2. Is it miraculous? Was the writer given God’s affirmation through signs, fulfillment of prophecy, or comparison to other truth revealed up to that point? 
  3. Is it authentic? Does the message speak the truth about God?
  4. Is it dynamic? Does it manifest the power of God? The word of God is able to accomplish its stated purpose.
  5. Is it received? Was it accepted by the people of God?

These principles have been used to discover what writings are God’s and belong in the canon of Scripture, and they are still dependable for us to reaffirm its discovery today.

Is The Bible Really Finished?

Once we have confidence that the books of the Bible really are what God intended to be included, the question arises – do we have them all? We may be correct in discovering the writings that belong in the canon of Scripture, but did we discover it completely?

We believe yes, and here’s why:

    1. The providence of God: It seems highly unlikely that God would have inspired a book that He did not preserve.
    2. Theologically the canon is closed: God used to speak through the prophets of the Old Testament, but in the ‘last days’ he spoke through Christ (Hebrews 1:1) and the apostles whom He empowered. But because the apostolic age ended with the death of the apostles, it may be concluded that God’s ‘last day’ revelation is complete.
    3. Historically the canon is closed: The immediate successors that followed the apostles did not claim any new revelation from God nor did they display any confirmatory signs such as the apostles and prophets did.
    4. Principle taken from the Jewish concept of the Old Testament canon: The Jews believed that if a writing came after the time period of the Old Testament prophets, it could not be scripture because scripture was written by prophets. (This same principle can be applied to all Scripture and relates to the fact that the canon is theologically closed.)2

      The canon of Scripture gives us confidence that the Bible we study today is truly the inspired and complete Word of God. It is the “rule of faith” by which we can live our lives, and it has been preserved by God’s grace so that we have all we need to live life with Him.


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Who Wrote The Books Of The Bible? The Real Story Behind Their Inspiration


Who wrote the books of the Bible? Was it God, since the book is claimed to be divine? Was it men? And if it was men, how can it claim to be God’s Word? Understanding the Bible’s authorship and how it came to be is foundational to our faith.

If we should be taking all the claims of the Bible seriously, we need to know that it’s a book we can trust.

What Scripture Itself Says About Who Wrote The Books Of The Bible

Upon first examination, it seems like a bunch of different men from many different spheres of life all contributed to writing Scripture, and that, in one way, does answer the question of who wrote the books of the Bible. Many books in Bible introduce the author in the opening verses of their first chapter. And while it is true that human authors like Moses, David, Peter and Paul did physically write down the words of the Bible, there’s a little more to it than meets the eye. Okay, actually a lot more. Check it out –

2 Peter 1:19-21 says,

“Because of that experience, we have even greater confidence in the message proclaimed by the prophets. You must pay close attention to what they wrote, for their words are like a lamp shining in a dark place—until the Day dawns, and Christ the Morning Star shines[g] in your hearts. Above all, you must realize that no prophecy in Scripture ever came from the prophet’s own understanding, or from human initiative. No, those prophets were moved by the Holy Spirit, and they spoke from God.”

In this passage, Peter is recalling to his audience how he saw Jesus Christ with his own eyes. His life wasn’t just a cleverly designed story – it was all real. Because of what he experienced, he urges believers to take Scripture seriously. And most importantly, they must understand that Scripture didn’t come from human authors, it came from God through the Holy Spirit. This phenomenon is called inspiration.

What Does Inspiration Mean?

Inspiration is key to understanding who wrote the books of the Bible.

It’s profound but simple. God is the source of every word in the Bible, but he used human writers to be the instruments His Word flowed through. These authors were prompted by the Holy Spirit to write exactly what they did.

In fact, 2 Timothy 3:15-16 says all Scripture is inspired by God. Every word.  The marriage of each author that contributed to writing the Bible with God’s purpose is a beautiful thing. The flowing poetry of David’s psalms convey God’s truth in a different way than the theological argument Paul gives in Romans, yet both are part of His holy revelation to us. God used the unique personalities and writing styles of 40 different men to record everything he wanted to communicate to mankind – no more and no less than what He wanted.

Evidences Of Inspiration

Again and again throughout Scripture, the Bible refers to itself as the word of the Lord, or claims to be a direct message from God.  And we believe that the claims of the Bible are enough, but outside evidence just confirms even more that this book and every word in it is really authored by God, and that Peter, Paul and all the rest were just writing out His thoughts.

For one thing, the Bible is scientifically correct.

It’s not a science textbook, but every time it refers to scientific realities it proves true. For example, Isaiah 40:22 refers to the earth being round, Isaiah 55:10-12 talks about water cycles, Job 26:7 names Earth as suspended in space, and Jeremiah 33:22 claims the stars are innumerable (we haven’t found the end of them yet!). God created the world and the system and laws it is run by, so it only makes sense for Him to be able to talk about science accurately – more accurately than us and before some of these scientific discoveries were made.

The Bible hold up historically as well.

Over and over the Bible and historical records have confirmed one other, and we know from secular history that biblical places like Sodom and Gomorrah and figures like Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus the Great, and Jesus existed as real people. Studying history is eye-opening, as through it we see the prophecies of Scripture fulfilled again and again and again.

Christ’s View of Scripture

Jesus was clear about His view of Scripture, and that’s the most convincing argument about who wrote the books of the Bible. He plainly believed that Scripture was God’s Word (a.k.a HIS word!). He studied and valued it, quoted it as authority in His confrontation with Satan (Matthew 4:1-11), and taught it as truth. He even described Scripture as unbreakable, or unable to be altered (John 10:35).  Jesus was God and man, the sacrifice for our sin. He knew that He Himself was the fulfillment, climax, and glory of all that God had to say to man, which is why he said to the religious leaders at the time,

“You search the Scriptures because you think they give you eternal life. But the Scriptures point to me!” (John 5:39).

It Only Makes Sense For God To Be The One Who Wrote The Books Of The Bible

At the end of the day, the Bible is not a book that could have and would have been written by man. If you think about the message of the Bible, it’s anti-human nature. No man would have come up with the idea that all of our hearts are desperately wicked and that we need a Savior. We would never judge ourselves and the entire world so harshly and accurately. There is also no way we know the character and heart of God, as well as His perfect plan for our redemption, had he not revealed it to us Himself.

What The Inspiration Of Scripture Means For Us

The beauty of inspiration is in the fact that it can bring us rest. Imperfect people may have recorded God’s thoughts, but He is perfect and his words to us are perfect. This wasn’t just some men shooting in the dark and hoping they came to close to saying what God was thinking. No, God Himself was guiding these men as they wrote. Through the hands of chosen men, God  was the one who wrote the the books of the Bible. Because of what we know about Him, we can also know that His book is authoritative, inerrant, and sufficient.

History of the Bible: God’s Revelation to Man

History of the Bible: God’s Revelation to Man

The history of the Bible is a long story, filled with many characters and unlikely happenings. The book’s origins, evolution, and preservation through the ages is a magnificent tale of God’s grace and sovereignty, and it concerns all mankind – from the highest kings to the lowliest servants. The details of how it was written and has survived through the centuries is found in later posts. For now, let’s start at the very beginning of the story – with God Himself.

The History Of The Bible Starts With Its Author

When we study the history of the Bible, we have to begin before the opening words of its first chapter, before secular records of its existence, and before the Church’s traditions of how it came to be. We must start with its Author, the God of the Universe.

Through different means, of which the Bible is one, God Almighty has revealed Himself to us.

As we get to know Him in comparison to ourselves, this fact should stagger us more and more.

We as human beings are both finite and fallen. We are limited by time, physicality, and knowledge. Beyond that, we are broken by sin.

In and of ourselves there is only so much we can attain or accomplish, and we can never live up to even our own moral standards.

In contrast, God is infinite – unbound by time, space, or any other limitation. He is also Spirit; we cannot see Him.  We could never discover the truth about God by our human devices. He bridged the differences between us, knowing that we could never on our own enter into His world.

And God has done just that. The fact that He has made great efforts to communicate Himself to us shows us that He is not just some cold and distant god. No, He is a God who wants us to know Him. He is a God who wants relationship with man.

He is, as we will come to see through the history of the Bible and the message it contains, a God who stops at nothing to save us and invite us to come back into relationship with Him.

God’s Revelation To Man

God has revealed Himself to mankind in different ways at different times of history to different groups of people. He has spoken to us all through the witness of creation. He spoke to His chosen nation of Israel through judges, prophets, and kings. He has historically visited certain people in dreams and visions, and during the life of Christ He revealed Himself through His Son. And slowly through the years He compiled His holy Word so that all the earth could have a record of His thoughts and a clear message of truth.

He has never revealed all that He could – we do not have a complete revelation of God and His plan. However, God has always revealed enough of Himself that His people can know how to live in fellowship with Him and according to His will.  In whatever age and fashion God has spoken, the purpose of His communication has primarily been to pull us out of darkness and offer us redemption from sin.

General Revelation vs. Specific Revelation

In order to accomplish this, God has communicated both generally and specifically. In our Bibliology class here at Ethnos 360 Bible Institute (which explores the history of the Bible much more in depth!), Professor Scot Keen gives us great definitions for each. He says this about general revelation:

“We call this aspect of revelation general because it does not reveal specifics about God, but generalities. From creation one can recognize that there is a God, but cannot discern His moral characteristics.”

Its true; when we look around we can figure out that there is a creative God, and He has made the world as a witness to Himself. But we cannot know about Christ and the plan of salvation just by observing nature. Our conscience is another form of general revelation. God has hardwired each of us to have a sense of right and wrong. Through this revelation we can see our sinful hearts, but this revelation is limited, because our consciences may condemn us, but they cannot save us. Creation and  our inner conscience are only part of what God has to say.

Specific revelation, on the other hand, gives us deeper insight into God and his thoughts. Professor Keen defines specific revelation as:

“God’s specific communication to certain men thought history intended for the benefit of all. Specific/special because God directly revealed specific information to mankind through supernatural means.”

The Bible: God’s Compiled Revelation

The Bible is God’s specific revelation that has been compiled over many years and through the pens of many different human writers. It gathers up the history of God’s dealings with His people, His character and attributes, His plan for redeeming mankind, and most importantly, it introduces us to Christ, the ultimate expression of God Himself. God has seen fit to preserve His Word through the centuries so that His truth is available to us. This revelation from Him is His most direct communication to us and is His authoritative voice. We can put all our hope in its message and stake our lives on its claims.

The history of the Bible is a big subject, but it starts with the God who speaks to us.

The revelation of God to man is a phenomenon of grace. It is the God who lives in purity and light reaching into a world where men stumble and fall in the darkness. If we are going to undertake to truly understand the Bible, we must start with this foundation.

Soteriology: The Rich Theology Of The Christian Faith


Life has a funny way of reminding us just how inadequate we are. Of how much we need help outside of ourselves, and of how frail we are. Emotionally, mentally, spiritually, physically – at some point and in some way every person alive comes to realize they need saving. We might not admit it in such blatant terms, of course, but self-help books, self-care regimens, counselors, social media, friends, food, sex, and more can all have something in common – we go to them looking for something. We want answers for our questions, distractions from pain, solutions to problems, and pleasure in the midst of hurt. All these things aren’t bad of course – they’re good! But if we’re honest, they don’t give us all that we seek. They can’t save us from this life, from this world, from ourselves. And salvation is what we need. When we have moments of realizing it, where will we go?

Soteriology is the study of salvation – where it comes from, who can offer it, and what we need to be saved from.

Soteriology Is A Must For Us All

“God saved us..He’s the reason we’re alive. He saved us.”

I mumbled it again and again to my cousin while we sat on the side of the road, and afterwards, as we rode in the ambulance. A motorcycle crash that probably should have taken both our lives left us with injuries that would heal and an altered perspective on life. For weeks and weeks afterward when friends would come to see me I told them the same thing – God saved my life.

I’ve never been so physically helpless as I was that day – lying in the middle of the road. I watched, unable to move quick enough, as hundreds of pounds of metal hurdled after me on the asphalt. The bike crashed into my head, fracturing my neck. I knew it was the hand of God shielding me that allowed me to sit up immediately after, alive, unparalyzed, and coherent.

Maybe you, like me, have experienced a physical event where you knew you could not save yourself. Or maybe the mental maze of anxiety, depression or obsession has brought you to your knees. Perhaps the emotional pain of grief, loss, or loneliness has crippled your life. Maybe spiritual bondage to pornography, addiction, anger, bitterness, or fear has brought you to the end of yourself.

Whatever issues or multiple problems have or will come into your life, soteriology, at some point, is something we all must grapple with.

Salvation From What?

In Christian circles, the word “salvation” is most often used to refer to salvation from hell. But when we study soteriology in the Bible, we find that salvation from hell is not the only meaning of the broad word “salvation”. It can mean salvation from a lot of different things, depending on the context of the word and where it is found in Scripture. It’s really important to study the biblical context of the word before interpreting it in a passage.  For example, in the Bible, the word “salvation” is used in reference to:

-Salvation from enemies (Exodus 14:13)

-Salvation from difficult circumstances (Psalm 78:22)

-Salvation from physical captivity (Psalm 53:6)

-The future blessings of the Messiah’s Kingdom (Isaiah 25:9)

-Saved from sins (Romans 1:16)

-Delivered from the power of sin (Philippians 2:12-13)

-Delivered from the presence of sin (Romans 13:11)

-Saved from a storm (Matthew 8:25)

-Healed from a physical sickness (James 5:15)

And these are just a few examples! So when you’re studying soteriology and you see the word “salvation” or “saved” be sure to ask the question “saved from what?”.

Soteriology In Regards To Salvation From Sin

Of all the things we need to be saved from in this life, it is important to come to a point where we realize that our greatest plight is our desperate need to be saved from sin. My near-death experience with the motorcycle accident showed me that I am physically needy. But my physical weakness pales in comparison to the needs of my soul. Sin’s penalty, power, and presence have marred our inner beings, and our only hope is found in the work of Jesus Christ.

But even the salvation of Christ has more than one meaning. Once we’ve determined that a passage is indeed referring to salvation from sin in some regard, soteriology leads us to dig a little deeper.

The whole view of salvation from sin can be broken down into three tenses:

Justification: Justification is our past tense salvation. As believers, the moment we believed we were instantly saved from the penalty of sin. Our destiny was no longer hell as a punishment for our sins, but life with God and acceptance in His presence as His spiritual child. We’ll discuss justification more in depth in a later post, but much of what we typically think of when we think of God saving us from sin happens at the moment we believe the gospel.

Sanctification: Sanctification is our present tense, daily salvation. We are currently being delivered from the power of sin – God is continually leading us to become more and more like Jesus.

Glorification: Glorification is the future tense reality that we will one day be fully delivered from the presence of sin in our lives.

The beauty of soteriology is that it shows us salvation from God is much more than we ever dreamed.

What Soteriology Means For Us

Understanding soteriology is the most important theology to grasp. It’s eternally crucial; putting our faith for salvation in the right thing is the difference between eternal punishment and eternal bliss with God.  It’s also life-changing. The more we understand the true nature of God’s gift of salvation, the more we will able to walk through this life with hope, peace, and security.

God’s purpose in saving men has always been so that we will not die in bondage. He wants to redeem us with his great love, show us His grace, and bring us all to know Him. In return, we get to enjoy the freedom His presence brings, following Him through this life and into eternity.

Soteriology Is All About The Savior

You’re probably getting it by now – Jesus is the crux of soteriology. His very name is derived from the Hebrew name “Yeshua”, which means “deliverance”. He himself is our salvation.

Soteriology cannot be studied without coming face to face with the author of salvation – may He remind you that salvation is His to give, and He gives it willingly.

Bibliology Explained : An Introduction To The Ins And Outs Of The Bible


If you were to close your eyes and imagine the most exciting topic you could ever study, chances are bibliology isn’t the one that would come to mind.  When I found out it was one of the first classes I had to take during my freshman semester at Ethnos360 Bible Institute, I was less than thrilled.  Bibliology? Really? How about something more exciting, like Romans or Galatians? Studying bibliology conjured up images of dry dusty bookshelves and old scholars spending hours pouring over the details of decrepit scrolls. Great fun.

However, while Bibliology started as simply a necessary class, I began finding true excitement and awe instead of the boredom I had expected.

What Is Bibliology?

Bibliology might look like a big word, but really it’s just the doctrine of the Bible. That ending, ‘ology’ means ‘the study of’, and the beginning, ‘biblio’ means ‘relating to a book or books.’ ‘Biblio’ is derived from the Greek word used for ‘papyrus’. Papyrus was the type of “paper” God’s Word was originally written on – scrolls upon scrolls  that were carefully copied by scribes through the centuries. But, more on that topic in a later post. The plural form of this Greek word was “biblia” and it meant “the books”.

So when we study Bibliology we are studying the book – the Bible – how it came to be, and what it says about itself.

Why Do We Need Bibliology?

Bibliology gives us answers, proofs, and a historical record of where the Bible came from, how it was written, and how it has been preserved until now. It affirms our belief in the authenticity and validity of Scripture. In other words, we need Bibliology because it gives us confidence that the book we are believing and basing our lives on is legitimate.

A subject that may seem all dry facts at first glance becomes crucial to our confidence as Christians in today’s world.


“When we study bibliology we can be confident that what we have today is the Word of God; it hasn’t been changed over the ages.”
– Jeb, Ethnos360 Bible Institute alumni


Here at Ethnos 360 Bible Institute, we believe all Christ followers need at least a basic understanding of Bibliology for three reasons:

-To understand both how and why God’s Word came to us.

-To have absolute confidence that the Bible is indeed the Word of God, and to be confident that we can live and die by faith in God’s Word and not be disappointed in the least.

-To enable us to remain true to the faith with assurance as we interact in a world of skeptics who are sometimes hostile to our faith.

Bibliology Basics

When learning about the Bible it’s important to start with the basic facts and lay a foundation. What is this book? Who wrote it? Where did it come from?

The Bible says this about itself:

“All Scripture is inspired by God and is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. It corrects us when we are wrong and teaches us to do what is right. God uses it to prepare and equip his people to do every good work.” -2 Timothy 3:16-17 NLT

The first bibliology basic fact is that Bible is God’s thoughts and words to us, it’s purpose is to communicate His truth to man.

Secondly, the Bible was written by forty different authors over a time period of 1600 years. These writers were from separate backgrounds, with varied upbringings, life circumstances, and personalities, which lends to the different writing styles in different books of the Bible. The most important thing about these writers and the common tie between them is that they were each inspired by God to write what they did, when they did. They were the human instruments through which God has spoken to all mankind. Even though they were all different and most never knew any of the others, the unity of what they express is amazing. The theme of the Bible that each of the writers contributes to is God’s glory, which is manifested fully in the life and lordship of Jesus Christ.

Structurally, the Bible is divided into two major parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament took the longest to write – about a 1000 years, and contains 39 books. In between the two parts was a gap of time where no Scripture was written, and then came the New Testament, taking 60 years to write and made up of 27 books.

So What’s Next?

We believe the Bible is absolutely perfect and true in every way. God thought out and wisely wrote and preserved His Word. The truth that He reveals about Himself and Jesus Christ is worth living and dying for. As we continue to study further aspects of Bibliology, we’ll find more and more reason to believe that it’s message is the one avenue to true life.